This is a how to write a high school application quarterbacks review portal for students, that provides expert opinion and helpful paper writing guidelines. Editor There is no time like the present to discuss the issues surrounding adaptation to climate change.  With the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2014–2020 currently being negotiated, and with the European Commission working on an EU adaptation strategy which is anticipated to be published in March 2013, the publication of an issue paper by the European Policy Centre (EPC) entitled The climate is changing – is Europe ready? Building a common approach to adaptation is a timely one.

how to write an art essay conclusion - 100% non-plagiarism guarantee of custom essays & papers. Put aside your fears, place your task here and get your quality essay It is recognised that global efforts to mitigate climate change must be coupled with climate action – that is, taking measures to adapt to a changing climate, and the issue of ‘climate action’ is in fact not a new one.

Cheap entrance statement design. We are a professional writing service that offers cheap papers for sale. We offer papers to college students who have spent far too Indeed, the European Commission produced a Green Paper in 2007 on Adapting to climate change in Europe – options for EU action which was followed by a White Paper in 2009 on Adapting to climate change: Towards a European framework for action and subsequently endorsed by the European Parliament in 2010.  Most striking of the European Parliament’s observations about the 2009 EC White Paper however, was that it considered the White Paper to have a lack of focus on the needs of the vulnerable.

Our PhD see url can help you complete your work fast and according to all the requirements. Get a custom research proposal for PhD. The EPC report is the culmination of two years of collaboration between the EPC and representatives from a plethora of fields, including academia, business and NGOs, and follows the formation in 2010 of an EPC Task Force.  In the report’s foreword by Hans Martens, EPC Chief Executive, one of the explicit remits is to “look at the social and economic impacts of climate-change adaptation policies and actions on Europe and identify ways of mitigating adverse effects on the most vulnerable groups in society, bearing in mind the EU’s commitment to promoting inclusion and well-being.”

By We do not reuse ANY custom papers and we do . Have you ever wondered why do teachers and professors give you Why is it In making recommendations in the report, it is clear that the EPC Task Force has kept social justice very much in mind, whilst considering that “in every region of the world, the negative impacts of climate change will not be felt equally among the population or even within populations.  People who are poor, elderly, uneducated, disabled or in poor health will be affected first and most severely.” (Agrawal, A, as cited in the EPC Issue Paper No 70, p3)

If you are looking for a place to page online you are best served by hiring a professional writer from our essay writing service. Adaptation reduces the vulnerability to climate change; gross benefit is the damage avoided, net benefit is damage avoided less costs of adaptation. Photo Credit: From the Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change (Part V, Chapter 18, Figure 18.1, p 405)

This is the best & Reliable research papers population growth famous amongst students where all kinds of custom homework papers are written from the scratch without As well as highlighting the impact that climate change has on ecosystems, on agriculture, on food security and migration (among others), whilst elucidating how these factors combine to disproportionately affect the vulnerable, the point is also made that climate change aggravates existing socio-economic pressures to the detriment of the vulnerable.  Recommendations for addressing this issue are complex and must be developed further.

What is a ghostwriter (or ghost writer)? college application report writing good The subject matter of The Ghost Writer may be curiously close to to the life of it's director The point that Europe is currently enduring an economic crisis – thus diminishing any appetite for additional expenditure – is recognised in the report and its authors repeatedly emphasise that the costs of acting are far lower than those of failing to act with regard to developing adaptation measures.  Policy makers and politicians are urged to think long-term and crucially, the point is made that adaptation measures “go beyond big infrastructure projects and providing solutions for the wealthy.” (EPC Issue Paper No 70, p10)

The European Union is committed to creating a climate-resilient and resource-efficient economy by 2050 and the EU has an important role to play in facilitating and co-ordinating adaptation to climate change at national, regional and at local level.  Eight main areas for action where the EU could play a stronger role are identified in the EPC report and much revolves around communicating the importance of adaptation as well as mitigation.  Building the knowledge base and capacities to act, as well as financing adaptation measures and encouraging innovation are vital if the EU is to succeed in promoting adaptation measures.

This could indeed be seen as an economic opportunity – an opportunity for growth in which private investment can be harnessed to drive innovative solutions in adapting to climate change.  What is required is that European policy makers and politicians think long-term and are not discouraged by short-term costs.  After all, the costs of failing to act vastly outweigh these costs and the most vulnerable will suffer disproportionately.


By Stephen Rooney


For related reading on economic costs of climate change, it is helpful to reference the Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change .

A copy of the EPC Issue Paper No 70 (September 2012) The climate is changing – is Europe ready? Building a common approach to adaptation by Annika Ahtonen with Serban Chiorean-Sime, Caroline Schneider and Imogen Sudbury can be downloaded here.

Subscribe to our mailing list