Article 17 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU provides alegal foundation for dialogue between EU institutions and religious associations, churches and non-confessional organizations. Seminars, conferences and high-level meetings have been organized on the basis of this article to discuss and examine highly significant issues. One of these conferences was organised by the European Parliament on 19 March 2019 about Artificial Intelligence ( AI ), where the evolution of AI, its possible advantages, and the legal and ethical implications, were discussed. In this meeting, the European Parliament hosted diverse participants, from religious associations to scientists, from politicians to academics, who assisted in examining this crucial issue comprehensively.
Artificial Intelligence as a field of computer science, has played a strategic role in shaping our future, in relation to smart machines; robots have ability to think and the ability to respond with certain human-like behaviour . The idea is to make people’s lives much easier, as advocates of AI were highlighting during the debates in the conference. This includes remarkable instances of solving complicated problems, AIs effectiveness on medical diagnostics, right decision making capability and so on.
Evanescing of values
Besides all these advantages, the ethical and legal implications of AI systems formed the major part of the debates in the conference, where the speakers drew attention to the possible challenges, such as the evanescing of values. For example, AI has the potential to challenge traditional notions of legal responsibility, because the current legal framework has some shortcomings in respect of the liability and transparency of AI with non-binding rules. Who will be responsible or who will be fined in the case of a robot’s harmful behavior? Additionally, some speakers were focusing on ethical challenges of AI systems; how they can pose an enormous threat for human dignity in the case of reckless and unregulated manufacturing. Examples given to illustrate this were of the disappearance of manufacturing jobs, the posing of a risk to democracy with election hacking, the violation of privacy, the lack of empathy in case processing. all this can be seen as a possible threat to human dignity.
To conclude, Artificial Intelligence is a highly critical issue which is a particular concern for the fate of humanity. Therefore, governments, international organizations, regional organizations etc. have to implement efficient policies in this field to avoid any possible threats and to make sure they are used in a salutary manner.
by Ismayil Targuluyev